Note: The Syrian conflict should be well-known by now, but below articles provide a brief overview. They do not cover all nuances of the issue, especially when it comes to the involvement of the Western powers, so I highly recommend further research.
TW: Rape and violence.
A brief rundown of the conflict.
An article about rape as a weapon of war.
Where can I donate to Syria?
I personally donate to the organisations below, but you can always research to find other organisations that you're comfortable with.